We acknowledge the fact that urban development continues to put considerable pressure on the remaining natural habitat. It is important to note that biodiversity and the ecological framework in which biodiversity effectively functions, is important in providing a service and a range of benefits to the societies living there. Therefore, maintaining the ecological integrity of the city’s natural resources is critical, if the City and its inhabitants are to succeed in sustaining human and economic development, then several strategies should be developed to support it. Although heavily urbanised, the City prides itself on having a wide variety of biodiversity features. These comprise of vast grasslands, ridge systems and wetlands. The Klipriviersberg Ridge system is one such place able to provide important ecological goods and services. The City possess a variety of wetlands that provide ecosystem goods and services such as water purification, flood attenuation, aesthetics e.tc. This systems also provide habitat to red listed species located. It is against this background that the several Biodiversity Conservation and Protection tools have been developed. Included here is the CoJ Biodiversity Sector Plan that ensures that biodiversity issues are mainstreamed in all City wide planning tools
Our City falls under the urban biodiversity which contains a disproportionately high percentage of rare and threatened species and ecosystem compared both to the rest of the Gauteng Province and to South Africa as a whole. This is a consequence of the combination of its topographic and geological diversity resulting in a diversity of habitats. Like many other cities of similar form, the City is densely populated and the natural land cover continues to experience significant transformation. Increased urbanization currently being experienced within the City is posing a threat to the remaining biodiversity as intact habitats continue to rapidly diminish.
• Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) processes;
• Nature Reserve Proclamation ; and
• Alien Invasive Species Clearance Strategy through Jozi@work programme which ensures the City of job creation and poverty alleviation whilst solving pertinent environmental problems.